Cannabis might be ingested in a plethora of possibilities, but the most common route of administration continues to be via smoking or inhaling the drug. Cannabis goods are usually smoked (with or without tobacco) either through a pipe or as a cigarette (also known as a ‘joint’). The pipes come in a wide array of sizes and forms but usually have long stems or add a ‘hookah-type’ water filtration system (i.e., water pipe) and are often known as a ‘bong’. When a water pipe is used, cannabis smoke is cooled by the water in order to reduce its harshness and temperature, which may scald the throat (Booth, 2003).
Little research has been conducted into the specific harms related to smoking cannabis by way of a water pipe or bong. Few studies examining cannabis use, apart from those concerning the medical use of the drug, have differentiated in between the various methods of delivery (i.e., smoking via joints or water pipes, ingesting in food) and little is well known regarding distinct administration routes, their relationship to drug use patterns, and related harms.
In recent years, there has been a resurgence in popularity in the usage of hookahs or ‘shisha’ to smoke shops near me, particularly flavoured tobacco products. The traditional Middle Eastern water pipe is now widely smoked around the world, particularly by students and teenagers. Due to the utilization of healthy-sounding fruit flavouring and the social way it is usually used (i.e., in restaurants and cafes), it is usually regarded as a ‘safer’ option to cigarettes. Due to this recent popularity, we have seen an increasing level of research conducted examining the harms associated with the use of the shisha.
This bulletin will examine the origin in the water pipe and what we should understand about the harms connected with smoking cannabis by way of a bong, particularly in comparison to other routes of administration. As the scientific studies are limited in this area, an study of the present evidence concerning the harms associated with water pipe cigarette smoking is included along with consideration of how these details may be used in cannabis prevention activities.
Origins of the water pipe – The usage of water in a smoking apparatus is ancient, with Persian hookahs or ‘narghiles’ illustrative samples of early smoking water pipes (Erickson, Jarvie & Miller, 1977). Within their 1997 US patent for an ‘improved smoking water pipe or bong’, the authors describe this process as follows – “… smoke from your substance being combusted is directed via a tube discharging beneath the surface of water in a potlike container before passing therefrom through a second tube towards the mouth from the smoker.”
In which the water pipe actually originated is unclear, although there is increasing evidence to suggest that bongs were first used to smoke cannabis in Africa. Based on the archaeological evidence available during writing, Phillips (1983) hypothesised that cannabis was smoked in water pipes in eastern and southern Africa before the introduction of tobacco. He considered that the discovery in Ethiopia water pipe bowls, “definitely linked to the smoking of cannabis”, tends bqlsqo confirm speculation of your African origin of the water pipe. Others believe they originated in China or Persia, but in these cases the instruments were thought to be used to smoke tobacco.
The phrase ‘bong’ is definitely an adaptation from the Thai word baung, which refers to a cylindrical pipe or tube cut from bamboo. Among the earliest recorded uses of the word within the West is within the McFarland Thai-English Dictionary, published in 1944, which describes among the meanings of ‘bong’ in the Thai language as, “a bamboo water pipe for smoking kancha, tree, hashish, or the hemp-plant.” Erickson and colleagues (1977) believe that it is this version which has probably influenced the design of the present day devices that add a “general cylindrical tubular construction”, with tubes of plastic along with other modern materials replacing the hollow bamboo stem which had been used before. Their description of methods this kind of water pipe works is as follows:
“The oriental bong, further, provides path for using atmospheric air to dilute the smoke before inhalation, along with provided oxygen for the combustion producing the smoke. Thus, an air admitting orifice continues to be provided venting the smoke chamber formed in the bamboo stem above the water towards the bottom from the stem. The orifice is finger controllable, in order that air may at the desire of the smoker be either excluded or admitted directly to the smoke chamber in order to dilute the smoke therein.”
A bong utilized to smoke cannabis is a lot like a traditional hookah in both construction and performance, except it is usually smaller and more portable. The hole in the stem described above, sometimes called the ‘carburator’, ‘shotty’ or simply just ‘hole’, is normally kept covered during the smoking process, then opened to permit the smoke to get drawn into the respiratory system in an attempt to maximise the impact.